The Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), which extends on the archipelago's seaboard, is a vitally important area for Indonesia. The EEZ contains rich marine resources and provides a living area for local fishermen. It also offers a unique opportunity for a continuous maritime domain awareness strategy, ensuring that all maritime activities in the EEZ are safe and secure.
Indonesia needs to develop a maritime domain awareness strategy to protect its EEZ.
What is a maritime domain awareness strategy?
Maritime domain awareness is the process of collecting, analyzing, and disseminating information to support decision-making related to maritime activities. It's a way to provide situational awareness for all maritime operations in order to ensure they are safe and secure.
Maritime domain awareness is needed because there are many challenges at sea. The risk of terrorism, piracy, illegal fishing, and climate change are just some examples. These risks pose significant threats to marine ecosystems and resources, as well as commercial trade routes.
In Indonesia's EEZ, the Indonesian government needs a specifically tailored maritime domain awareness strategy in order to protect its EEZ from these threats.
Why do we need a maritime domain awareness strategy for Indonesia's EEZ?
Indonesia's EEZ contains rich marine resources and provides a living area for local fishermen. It also offers a unique opportunity for a continuous maritime domain awareness strategy in ensuring that all maritime activities in the EEZ are safe and secure.
The Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone is one of the most important areas to Indonesia, which extends on the archipelago's seaboard.
A maritime domain awareness will protect the EEZ from any potential threats or violations by foreign vessels, ensuring all maritime activities in the EEZ are safe and secure. It can also be used to monitor illegal fishing activities, smuggling, piracy, terrorism, etc.
This strategy would be enforced by Indonesian military patrols operating on both terrestrial soil and water.
How can this strategy be developed?
Maritime domain awareness strategies can be built by having members of the public report any suspicious activities (e.g., overfishing) and incidents (e.g., collisions at sea). This reporting system would then be used to create an emergency response plan to prevent any potential disasters from happening.
In addition to reporting these incidents, Indonesia could also build a radar system on its coastline to watch ships as they enter or exit its EEZ. This will help track actors who violate Indonesia's EEZ rules and regulations as well as those who do not have permission to enter its waters—like illegal fishermen or maritime pirates.
To protect its waters going forward, Indonesia could develop a maritime domain awareness strategy with a focus on creating a reporting system that will be able to gather information about events happening in the country's waters and on its coasts.
A maritime domain awareness strategy is integral to the protection of Indonesia's EEZ. A maritime domain awareness strategy can be developed to identify threats and reduce risks to resources through the use of an Integrated Maritime Domain Awareness System (IMDAS) that can monitor and track illegal activities. Such a strategy can also be used to develop a national response too disasters.
An effective maritime domain awareness strategy for Indonesia's EEZ can be developed by addressing the following:
Developing a national IMDAS system for Indonesia's EEZ
Training personnel in maritime domain awareness
Establishing coordination among relevant agencies
Developing an emergency response plan for maritime disasters
Senior Vice President of Platform